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Glera is the white grape variety with which the famous Prosecco wine is produced.

Synonyms and clones

  • Synonyms: serprino. Territorial: prosecco, balbi prosecco, round prosecco.

Glera: characteristics

… Of the plant

  • Appearance: leaf medium, pentagonal, wedge-shaped, three-lobed or five-lobed. Petiolar sinus to UV with crossed edges. The upper page is bullous and opaque light green, while the lower page has bristly and protruding green veins and is gray-green. Petiole short and hairless.
  • maturation: first two weeks of October. Bunch large, up to 25 cm long, elongated, pyramidal, winged and sparse. Acino medium, spheroid. Peel thin and pruinose golden-yellow, quite pruinose and slightly tannic. Pulp juicy with a simple and sweet flavor.
  • Productivity: good, particularly high in the Euganean Hills.
  • Vigor: remarkable.
  • Resistance to adversity: remarkable resistance to diseases, but it is sensitive to dripping and poaching. Slightly sensitive to drought.
Grape glera prosecco
The leaf © Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies.

… Of the wine produced

Grape variety capable of surprising especially as a classic method sparkling wine, especially with long refinements. Depending on the vinification and the climatic conditions, it takes notes ranging from saffron to hydrocarbon.

  • Visual exam: pale straw yellow.
  • Olfactory exam: intense and fruity, with notes of ripe pear and white flowers.
  • Taste-olfactory examination: sapid, fresh, soft, citrine (especially if with the base) and with a discreet pseudocaloric, persistence can be good.

Cultivation areas

  • Italy: (suitable and recommended areas) provinces of Belluno, Padua, Treviso, Venice, Vicenza and Udine; (suitable areas) provinces of Pordenone and Trieste, Sicily.
  • World: none.

Glera Italian DOCG and DOC wines where it is admitted

  • DOCG: Asolo-Prosecco, Colli di Conegliano, Conegliano Valdobbiadene-Prosecco.
  • DOC: Carso or Carso-Kras, Euganean Hills, Montello-Asolo Hills, Venice.

Sources:

© Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, National catalog of vine varieties.

© Bassi C., Sommelier: the illustrated manual, Cameo DiVino, Monte Isola, 2022, pp. 151-152

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